Pastors and Time in Sermon Preparation: Some Good News

My book Surprising Insights from the Unchurched was released in 2001. Part of the research included an analysis of how pastors spent their time in a typical week. The amount of time they spent in sermon preparation was pretty dismal. I was able to demonstrate how greater time in sermon preparation correlated with key metrics of church health. I concluded that the relatively dismal time in the Word was a major factor in the lack of health in many churches.

New and Exciting Research

I commissioned LifeWay Research to conduct a new and updated study that included several questions asked of pastors, including the amount of time in sermon preparation. About 7,000 pastors in my denomination were asked to participate in the study; the total number who participated was 1,066, a healthy statistical sample.*

The research, conducted in April and May of 2012, was weighted to include accurate representation by size of church (in worship attendance) and geographic location of church. The results as a whole were exciting and encouraging.

Some Results from the Research

The change from 2001 to 2012 was dramatic. What a difference a decade makes! Admittedly, the two studies are not “apples and apples” comparisons; still the obvious trends are encouraging.

My 2001 study found that the average amount a time a pastor spent in sermon preparation was four hours a week per sermon prepared. Most pastors then were preparing two different sermons, so they spent about eight hours a week in sermon study and preparation. Now look at the numbers for 2012:

Amount of Time in Sermon Preparation Each Week

  • Less Than 5 Hours — 8%
  • 5 to 7 Hours — 23%
  • 8 to 10 Hours — 25%
  • 11 to 15 Hours — 23%
  • More Than 15 Hours — 21%

These numbers represent total sermon preparation time per week, and the increase from a decade ago is dramatic. Of the pastors we surveyed, nearly seven out of ten spend eight or more hours in sermon preparation. More than four out of ten spend eleven or more hours; and more than one out of five spend 15 hours or more preparing sermons each week.

I am encouraged. In past studies, I have found a correlative relationship between time in sermon preparation and church health metrics. The greater the time in sermon preparation, the more likely the church is to be evangelistically effective, have a higher retention rate of members, and have a higher weekly per capita giving.

Simply stated, when the pastor spends more time in the Word, the church tends to be healthier.

The Challenges and Opportunities

Not all the research, however, is glowing with optimism. Pastors of the smallest churches (1 to 49 in worship attendance) spend very little time in sermon preparation. That should not come as a surprise. Most of these pastors are bi-vocational; they have a full-time job outside the church. They simply do not have the time to put into sermon preparation as do their peers who are fulltime in their churches. Because we have so many (perhaps as many as 200,000 or more) bi-vocational churches in America, this area should be a focus and an opportunity for the future.

One of the other encouraging results of our study related to the age of the pastors. Those whose ages ranged from 18 to 44 spent more time in sermon preparation than any other age-related group. That means that our young adult, and younger middle age adult pastors are leading the way in this focus. Such a priority can only bode well for the future.

It is certainly true that many of the research reports of American churches have been dismal in recent years. Indeed, I have been a communicator of some of those discouraging findings. But we should pause and take time to celebrate this latest data. Our churches may not be where we want them to be. But information such as this gives us reason to hope. God is not done with our churches yet.

*In the months of April and May 2012, 1,066 SBC pastors participated in a survey asking a number of questions. The sampling was weighted to represent accurately churches by worship size and geographic location. The sample provides a 95% confidence that the sampling error does not exceed +/- 3.0%. Margins of error are higher in sub-groups

Pastor to Pastor is the Saturday blog series at Pastors and staff, if we can help in any way, contact Steve Drake, our director of pastoral relations, at We also welcome contacts from laypersons in churches asking questions about pastors, churches, or the pastor search process.


  1. DDinMS says

    “Simply stated, when the pastor spends more time in the Word, the church tends to be healthier.”
    Dr. Rainer, might it also be true that the healthier a church tends to be, the more time in the Word the pastor is able to spend?
    It would seem that many “unhealthy” churches are those in which inordinate time demands are placed on the pastor to do other things besides sermon prep, whereas, in a “healthy” church, the people have come to realize that when the pastor is expected to be a jack-of-all-trades, he’ll be an ace of none. Therefore, those healthier churches place more reasonable expectations on their pastor, as well as expecting that sermon prep will be his highest priority in terms of time commitment.
    This is not an argument, simply an inquiry. Would love to hear your thoughts.

  2. Thom Rainer says

    Thanks George. There’s more good research on pastors coming from LifeWay Research in the days ahead. Stay tuned . . .

  3. Thom Rainer says

    DD –
    I don’t take your comments as argumentative at all. To the contrary, they are both good spirited and insightful. You are rightly recognizing the issue of statistical correlation. In simple terms, correlation shows a relationship, not causation. The research I noted cannot prove that spending more time in the Word results in a healthier church; it can only say there is a positive relationship between the two. But your point is equally valid. A healthier church could result in allowing a pastor to spend more time in the Word. Correlation works both ways.
    So your comments are right on target, and they are a worthy addendum to my blog. Thanks so much for your contribution.

  4. Kyle says

    Could it be that younger pastors are studying hard to write new sermons and many older pastors are recycling old sermons and study? I know older pastors who just have a file cabinet full of “winner” sermons.
    Don’t know if I am making a judgement on this or not, just might be a reality that older pastors are relying on previous study.

    • Pastor Bill Harnish says

      As a seventy-five year old, full time pastor of two churches, I would like to make a comment. The Living Word of God is still new every day and there is nothing I enjoy more than continuing to study the Word and the many commentaries that I have on my bookshelves. I sometimes have the privilege of visiting other pastors in their studies and note that they have boxed up many of their books. I sort of wince as I see all of that information that once held value for them, no longer being accessible.
      To answer your question, I much prefer sharing new insight that the Lord has revealed to me rather than recycling an old sermon. However, I do have a folder of old outlines that I keep handy for when I receive a call to preach a revival on a moment’s notice as my memory is not what it used to be. That personal comment being shared, I see nothing wrong with the pastor’s that recycle old sermons. I do believe that you should preach your own sermon, not someone else’s sermon that you have retrieved from someplace.

  5. Thom Rainer says

    Kyle –
    I don’t know the answer to that one. Perhaps that will be a research project for another day.

  6. Dale Pugh says

    As one of those bi-vocational pastors with a full-time job outside of church, I know that I struggle with having time for sermon preparation. How might this be a “focus and opportunity for the future”? Any specific ideas?
    I know that I depend A LOT on my seminary training and I make as much use of internet resources as is practical; but I don’t have the time for extensive reading, nor do I have the finances for a large library.
    I enjoy being bi-vocational, but I would LOVE to have more time to spend in study. It is a conundrum…..

    • Ken says


      I am not a pastor but I am a bi-vocational minister. My secular job keeps me pretty busy (many times 50-60 hours a week) and I really struggle knowing there are times when I can get both done; work and study. You may already know this, but I have found YouVersion and Audible very helpful. I don’t always have much time to read but I always have time to listen. I can use my phone to listen to the Scriptures on the YouVersion app and listen to books being read on the Audible app. An Audible membership costs $15 a month and that allows you access to one book per month. When I hear something interesting a bookmark that location so I can go back to it. This is not a plug for either but they are useful and I am for anything that helps me do two things at once!

  7. Thom Rainer says

    Dale –
    I don’t have an easy answer to your challenges. I do know that the bi-vocational pastor is often overlooked and under-appreciated. In the near future we will be announcing some new free resources, some of which we hope will help all pastors, and particularly bi-vocational pastors. Watch this blog on July 23 for the announcement.
    In the meantime, contact Dr. Steve Drake (his contact information is at the end of my blog) if he can help you with any specifics.
    Bless you Dale. Your ministry is important.

  8. ME says

    I actually had more time to study as a bivocational pastor than I do as a full time pastor. My church now doesn’t allow me sufficient time.

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